- The wealth of these 20 great fortunes increased 15% in the last year, according to the study 'One Economy at the service of 1%' of Oxfam Intermón.
- However, the wealth of 99% of the Spanish population fell by 15% in the same period.
- Spain is one of the countries where inequality has increased the most, almost 10 times more than the European average since the beginning of the crisis.
Twenty people reached a net worth of 115,100 million euros in 2015 in Spain , which is equivalent to the wealth that concentrates the poorest 30% of the country (13.98 million people), according to the study One Economy at the service of 1% by Oxfam Intermón in which it denounces the "unbearable levels" that inequality is reaching in the world, and also in Spain.
The wealth of these great Spanish fortunes increased 15% in the last year, while the wealth of 99% of the Spanish population fell by 15% in the same period . Spain, according to Eurostat data, is one of the countries where inequality has increased the most since the beginning of the crisis, almost 10 times more than the European average. Taking the 0 as a level where there is no inequality between the population of a country, in Spain that level was in 2007 at 31.9%, while in 2014 that percentage rose to 34.7%, that is, during The crisis the level of inequality increased up to 2.8 percentage points.
Spain is among the five most unequal countries in the European Union only behind Portugal, Italy and Greece Oxfam says that poverty and social exclusion have increased " alarmingly " since the beginning of the crisis in Spain. During 2015, the richest 1% of the population concentrated almost as much wealth as the poorest 80%. In addition, the richest 5% fortune exceeded the wealth of the poorest 90%, that is, there are currently 2.3 million people in Spain who have a wealth of more than 42 million people.
In fact, Spain is the second country in the EU where the distance between the 20% with the highest income and the poorest 20% has grown the most, from the beginning of the crisis, just behind Estonia. With regard to salary, there has been a fall of 22.2% between 2007 and 2014.
According to the organization, Spain, which ranks among the five most unequal countries in the European Union only behind Portugal, Italy and Greece, has seen how the poorest households have been losing purchasing power through wages and a model fiscal "increasingly regressive". "The concentration of wealth and heritage in very few hands has not found a brake to continue growing," he says.
Oxfam emphasizes that this year has been an "exceptional" year in activity for the SICAV , since they have reached a market of 38,000 million euros, according to the annual summary of the BME of 2015. The international confederation points out that in 2015 a total of of 126 new sicav in Spain.
According to the report, Spain continues to have one of the lowest effective fiscal pressures in Europe , with 8.2 points below the euro area average, with a design in which 85% of the effort falls on families.
"The fiscal gap in Spain is explained to a large extent because we raise much less than we should, we raise little of who has more , we raise without hardly distributing and we have one of the highest evasion and tax evasion levels in our European environment", Oxfam points
Globally, the report concludes that the gap between rich and poor worldwide has increased in 2015 to the point that the 62 largest fortunes in the world accumulate the same money as 3.6 billion people , the poorest half of humanity.
With regard to the flight to tax havens, the international organization recalls that the investment from Spain towards tax havens has not contributed to generate more than a net job stock of 296 jobs .
According to Oxfam, 82% of Spanish citizens agree on the need to strengthen regulatory frameworks and 70% believe that the tax engineering of large transnationals deprives developing countries of access to education and health.
From Oxfam Intermón they point out that the fight against inequality must take place at a Spanish, European and global level, and also within the developing countries. Another of the recommendations that are highlighted in the report is to achieve equity in the Spanish population should be redistributive policies. For Oxfam, the first step that Spain must take is to urgently approve a law against tax evasion.
Who are the 20 richest Spaniards?
This is the list of the twenty greatest fortunes in Spain (data from November 2015), according to Forbes magazine.
1. Amancio Ortega (majority shareholder of Inditex). Accumulated fortune: 60,900 million euros.
2. Rafael Del Pino (Ferrovial's president) and family. Accumulated fortune: 8,600 million euros.
3. Juan Roig Alfonso (owner of Mercadona). Accumulated fortune: 7,500 million euros.
4. Sandra Ortega Mera (shareholder of Inditex and Zeltia). Accumulated fortune: 7,500 million euros.
5. Isak Andic Ermay (owner of Mango). Accumulated fortune: 4,500 million euros.
6. Sol Daurella Comadrán and family (president of Coca-Cola Iberian Partners). Accumulated fortune: 3,700 million euros.
7. Francisco and Jon Riberas Mera (shareholders of Corporación Gestamp). Accumulated fortune: 3,200 million euros.
8. Families Herráiz Mahou and Gervás (shareholders of Mahou San Miguel). Accumulated fortune: 2,800 million euros.
9. Juan Miguel Villar Mir (president of OHL). Accumulated fortune: 2,700 million euros.
10. Víctor Grifols Roura and family (president of Grifols). Accumulated fortune: 2,600 million euros.
11. Thomas Andreas Meyer (owner of Desigual). Accumulated fortune: 2,500 million euros.
12. Familia Entrecanales (president of Acciona). Accumulated fortune: 2,400 million euros.
13. Fernando Masaveu Herrero (owner of Grupo Masaveu y Veguín) . Accumulated fortune: 2,400 million euros.
14. Juan and Carlos March Delgado (owners of Corporación Alba and Banca March). Accumulated fortune: 2,400 million euros.
15. Familia Álvarez (shareholders of El Corte Inglés). Accumulated fortune: 2,300 million euros.
16. Antonio and Jorge Gallardo Ballart (Almirall shareholders). Accumulated fortune: 2,300 million euros.
17. Manuel Jove Capellán (Owner of Inveravante). Accumulated fortune: 2,200 million euros.
18. Artur Carulla and family (president of Agrolimen). Accumulated fortune: 2,100 million euros.
19. Juan Luis Gómez Trénor Fos and family (shareholder of Coca-Cola Iberian Partners). Accumulated fortune: 1,900 million euros.
20. Josep María Serra Farré and family (owner of Catalana Occidente). Accumulated fortune: 1,800 million euros.